Charles Edouard Chamberland

March 12th

  • A French bacteriologist who developed the first pressure steam sterilizer, called Chamberland’s autoclave.
  • When Henry Bastian (who believed in spontaneous generation) disputed Louis Pasteur’s claim that boiling killed all bacteria, Pasteur asked Chamberland, then his assistant, to study sterilization.
  • Chamberland found there were some heat-resistant spores and killing them required maintaining 115ºC.

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