Esophageal varices

  • Essentials of Dx: esophageal varices
    • Develop secondary to portal hypertension.
    • Found in 50% of patients with cirrhosis.
    • One-third of patients with varices develop upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
    • Diagnosis established by upper endoscopy.
  • Reference from CMDT (61st Ed), Pg no: 618

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