Maurice R. Hilleman
Born August 30, 1919; died April 11, 2005 at the age of 85.
American microbiologist who developed vaccines against many once common diseases including mumps, measles and rubella, chickenpox, hepatitis, hepatitis pneumonia, meningitis and influenza. During his 40-year career, he has developed more than three dozen experimental and licensed vaccines for animals and humans. Although Jonas Salk, Albert Sabin, and Louis Pasteur have received much public recognition, Hilleman’s work is probably responsible for saving more lives than those or any other scientist of the century. 20.